According to a new analysis, there are now 104 economic immigration routes to Canada. The federal government and every province and territory in Canada have made great strides over the past three decades with the introduction of many routes for economic immigration.
The goal: To provide a variety of immigration pathways so that Canada can meet the needs of a greater number of potential immigrants who, in turn, can bring a variety of skills and contribute to the economic growth of the country.
Canada’s immigration system welcomes permanent residents in three main ways: as economic immigrants bringing in both capital and labor skills, as sponsored family members under the family reunification program and as refugees accepted into the country on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Economic class accounts for the largest share of immigration to Canada, with about 6 in 10 immigrants selected for their positive impact on the economy. Most economic immigrants are highly skilled workers who apply from abroad, as well as highly skilled temporary workers and international students already living in Canada.
Individuals interested in becoming permanent residents in Canada can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool, where they are subject to an electronic selection for eligibility for one of the three main economic immigration programs – the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Category and Canadian Experience Category.
Eligible applicants who are enrolled in the Express Entry pool are ranked based on a score assigned under what is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System or CRS.
The CRS awards point for factors such as age, education, skilled work experience, and proficiency in English or French, which are Canada’s two official languages, as well as other factors.
In addition, the federal government has a host of pilot programs that fall under the economic category, such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot, the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot, and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot.
PNPs becoming more active with the rise in the number of immigrants
Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) has grown significantly since its inception in the 1990s and has now become the second most important way for skilled foreign workers to obtain permanent residence in Canada, after the system Express entry.
In 1996, only 233 people were admitted to Canada through PNP. Today, admission targets for the program are set at over 60,000 people.
The PNP allows participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate a set number of immigrant applicants for permanent residence each year under its own unique program.
Each of these programs is designed to provide Canadian provinces, especially smaller ones struggling to attract immigrants, greater flexibility, and the ability to tailor economic immigration to their specific labor market needs and priorities. overall economic development.
All Canadian provinces and territories with a PNP have at least one “enhanced” nomination stream linked to the federal Express Entry system.
Express Entry applicants who receive a provincial nomination are awarded an additional 600 points against their CRS score, effectively accelerating them for an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian Permanent Residence.
In recent weeks, PNP streams in British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and Ontario have issued more than 2,500 invitations to workers with a range of skills and work experience to apply for an appointment for permanent residence in Canada.
Earlier this week, Canada also hosted two Express Entry draws.
This year, Canada aims to welcome nearly 200,000 economic immigrants through its more than 100 economic immigration flows, of which approximately 90,000 are expected to arrive through its three Express Entry programs and 65,000 through PNPs.
Reference is taken from CIC News
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