In recent years, more and more immigrants are obtaining permanent residence with work and study experience in Canada. More and more immigrants are living, working, and studying in Canada before becoming permanent residents.
The number of temporary foreign workers and students increased exponentially between 2000 and 2018, according to Statistics Canada. More than half, 59%, of new economy class immigrants in 2018 were former temporary foreign workers, up from just 12% at the turn of the millennium.
More temporary foreign workers have also become permanent residents thanks to more Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) and the introduction of the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) in 2009. The CEC admitted 20% of all economy class principal applicants in 2018, while the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) admitted 25%. PNPs issued the largest share with 46%.
These findings come from the second part of a five-part series of Statistics Canada studies conducted in partnership with Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Studies examine the growing importance of temporary foreign workers in the labor market outcomes of new immigrants. Only three have been released to date.
Arriving in a country as a worker or student and then becoming a permanent president is called the immigration “two-step selection”. As part of this process, students or skilled migrants first obtain temporary residence and their credentials are assessed by Canadian employers. The temporary resident then applies for immigration and is selected based on criteria set out in federal or provincial programs.
The first study reveals that two-stage immigration can improve the match between the skills of immigrants and the demands of the labor market. Employers are able to directly assess the skills and intangible qualities of the temporary worker. He also revealed that the coronavirus pandemic has highlighted potential issues associated with reliance on temporary foreign workers, such as the uncertainty of labor supply and poor working conditions. employees.
The second documents the evolution of two-step immigration screening since 2000. Between 2000 and 2018, the number of temporary foreign workers increased from approximately 60,000 to 429,300.
The third examines the two-stage immigration and labor market outcomes. The study found that more immigrants had positive annual earnings in the first full year after immigration from 2000 to 2016. The increase in employment was attributed to the growing number of immigrants who had previously worked in Canada at a medium ($ 20,000 to $ 50,000) to a high annual level. income (over $ 50,000).
These results suggest that immigrants with Canadian experience generally find more jobs and earn more annual earnings. Federal government initiatives to create more routes for foreigners with Canadian experience appear to have helped to improve these results.
Reference is taken from CIC News
We Recommend You