Which nation is better for Indians to settle in 2023: Canada or the US?

Which nation is better for Indians to settle in 2023: Canada or the US?

Tejaswini Panigrahi Tejaswini Panigrahi
[Published 15 Nov, 2021 | 01:12 PM]
About Author - 17 min read
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Both the US and Canada have been regarded as ideal immigration destinations for Indians. They are renowned for enhanced life quality, job opportunities, and economic advancement. However, while making a comparison between both, you must bear in mind the long-term impact of various factors. These include affordability, professional growth, life quality, and your ability to optimize the advantages offered by the nation. You can make an informed decision by comparison of the major facts as follows: 

1. Job safety and standard Work Hours

Canada

Justin Trudeau the Canadian Prime Minister remains focused on ensuring job safety for the citizens and immigrants in Canada amidst the pandemic. The nation is witnessing a steady decrease in its rate of unemployment (5.6% in 2020) due to the policy for economic recovery. This means the availability of jobs in Canada is increasing.

Occupation in demand in Canada in 2023


Annual Salary
Job Profile
$62,522
Web Developer
Minimum $76,362
Medical Workers
$24,668 - $30,377
Restaurant Servers
$45,825 - $77,903
Supply Truck Drivers

Standard work hours: 

The normal hours of work for an employee in Canada are 8 hours every day that adds up to 40 hours weekly. (For every 24 consecutive hours in a federally regulated sector). A minimum of ten paid leaves is provided annually.

The US

With the highest number of headquarters of IT companies, the US is the global Silicon Capital. Nevertheless, the year 2020 created ripples in the US markets as well. The rate of unemployment in the US labor market was 10.2%. Roughly a quarter of the population was anxious regarding their job safety including loss of job or decrease in pay. This is as per the report by Marketplace.

Standard work hours: 

The US Citizens having jobs worked for 34.4 hours weekly in 2019 as per the statistics of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. A minimum of ten paid leaves is provided annually.

Major Takeaway: 

Canada boasts of enhanced Healthcare, more leaves for maternity, and other social benefits. Meanwhile, the US provides better remuneration. 

Standard hours of work in Canada are marginally higher than in the US. Both nations have identical leave structures. 

2. Taxation

Canada

Income Tax

Employees in Canada irrespective of their initial citizenship must pay 15% federal tax on their total income if the salary is a minimum of $46, 605. If the salary exceeds this slab, then the payable income tax will also increase. Workers in Canada also have to pay the provincial tax apart from the federal tax. 

Goods and Service Tax

The GST structure in Canada is quite fair. Healthcare items such as Dental services, Drugs, etc are exempt from GST and are ‘Zero Rated’. But the federal taxation system differs based on the province and the minimum tax rate is 5%. 

USA

Income Tax

The US has two categories of Income Tax – The State and the Federal. A normal Software Engineer in the US has to pay an income tax of 30%-25% annually including both state and federal taxes. Meanwhile, workers employed in Washington are exempted from payment of state taxes. 

Sales Tax

The sales tax is applicable on purchases done in the US in all states. The variable is the state tax based on the state. For instance, New York State has a sales tax of 7%. 

Major Takeaway: 

Both Canada and the US have a Province/State and a Federal tax. But some US States like Washington are exempted from the payment of State Income Tax. 

3. Education

Canada

Universities in Canada have affordable tuition fees when compared with the US and lesser by 27% on average. The top Canadian Universities include the University of Toronto, McGill University, Queen’s University, the University of Montréal, and several others. 

The immigration system of Canada permits children till the age of 18 years to access public education free of cost. But the Canadian private schools have a fee structure ranging from CAD 14,000 to 8,000 annually. 

The US

Eight Ivy Schools are present in the US. These include Columbia University, Brown University, Harvard University, Cornell University, Yale University, Princeton University, and the University of Pennsylvania. 

The US also permits qualifying F-1 Visa students to select OPT - Optional Practical Training. This allows the students to obtain practical work experience corresponding to their area of study. 

The tuition fees in the US are higher when compared with Canada due to the comprehensive education system. The nation also permits children to access public schools free of cost. The schooling cost on average for a Private Elementary School is $10,000 yearly and $15,000 for High School.

Major Takeaway: 

The US has more Universities in the World Ranking list than Canada. But Canada has lower average tuition fees in comparison with the US.

4. Immigration Pathways of Canada and the US

Canada 

The major categories of Canadian immigration and Visas that you can opt for are: 

The US

The major categories of US Visas for immigrants that you can opt for are: 

  • To pursue higher education for students - F1, J1, & M1 Student Visa 
  • Immigration Visa for employees - E1 & E2 Visa 
  • Spouse of a US Citizen - IR1 & CR1 Visa 
  • Fiancé to marry a US citizen - K1 Visa 
  • Spouse of a US Citizen awaiting approval – I:130 petition or K-3 Visa 

5. Cost of Living


Cost Parameters
Average variation
Canada - Cost in CAD
The US - Cost in USD
Monthly Rent
29.61% higher in the US
$ 839.64
$ 833.32

Monthly

Public Transportation


roughly the same 0.01 % higher in the US
$ 139.73
$ 107.85
Healthcare
More in the US
Free public healthcare
Subsidized public healthcare
Groceries Monthly
1.4 % more in the US
$ 114.95
$ 91.07
Apparel and Accessories
10.8 % more in Canada
Differs between $ 64.22 to $ 126.69
Differs between $ 44.04 to $ 96.17
Restaurant
9.94 % more in the US
Meal for 1- $ 17
Meal for 1 - $15
Luxury and Leisure
This is a definite category. Hence, a precise variation cannot be provided.
Besides the extra leisure activities that are on the costly side, you can buy a movie ticket here for just $ 10.76.
Here the luxury activities cost somewhat less than in Canada. Monthly membership for the gym costs about $ 37.

Note: The indices are relative to NYC - New York City as indicated by Numbeo. 

Major Takeaway: 

The average yearly income in both the US and Canada is identical while Canada has higher living costs in certain parameters. You will have to pay less for Rent and Healthcare in Canada. But expenses for Consumer goods, Gas and Utilities will be higher. Costs also differ based on your location in these two nations. 

Nationwide Visas specialize in Permanent Residency Visas, Study Visas, Work Visas, Dependent Visas, and Visitor Visas for the US, Canada, Australia, Germany, the UK, and Hong Kong.


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