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21102 - Geoscientists and Oceanographers

Broad Occupation Category

2 - Natural and applied sciences and related occupations.


1 - Occupations usually require a university degree.

Major group

21 - Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences.

Sub-major group

211 - Professional occupations in natural sciences.

Minor group

2110 - Physical science professionals.

Geoscientists and Oceanographers are in high demand throughout Canada’s Private, Public, and Government sectors. The demand for skilled workers under this TEER has been rapidly expanding post the pandemic, and this trend is expected to continue over the coming years. Many job opportunities will be available for Geoscientists and Oceanographers in Canada.

The high demand for skilled workers in this field has also resulted in competitive salaries and excellent benefits for Geoscientists and Oceanographers that can range from $57,100 to $144,300 per year, depending on experience, location, and specialization, but they tend to be higher than average in this industry.

Geoscientists and Oceanographers Jobs in Canada also offer many opportunities for career advancement in popular employment areas including petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology, geophysics, and engineering firms, and by governments and educational institutions, educational institutions, and private companies engaged in the exploration of seafloor deposits and sea farming areas or they may be self-employed. Professionals have numerous opportunities to expand their skills and take on new challenges as Geoscientists and Oceanographers in Canada.

Geoscientists and Oceanographers in Canada can avail of a wide range of benefits, from strong job security to high compensation, a supportive work environment, a direct Canada PR for Geoscientists and Oceanographers pathway, and free healthcare. Canada is known for its welcoming and diverse culture, making it a great place for individuals under this TEER to live and work.

Let us help you Apply for Canada PR as Geoscientists and Oceanographers

Example Titles

  • Development geologist
  • Environmental geologist
  • Exploration geologist
  • Geochemist
  • Geologist
  • Geophysicist
  • Glaciologist
  • Groundwater geologist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Mine geologist
  • Mineralogist
  • Oceanographer
  • Paleontologist
  • Petroleum geologist
  • Petrologist
  • Sedimentologist
  • Seismologist
  • Stratigrapher

Main Duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:


  • Conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of surface and subsurface features of the earth, its history, and the operation of physical, chemical, and biological systems that control its evolution.
  • Plan, direct, and participate in geological, geochemical, and geophysical field studies, drilling, and geological testing programs.
  • Plan and conduct seismic, geodetic, electromagnetic, magnetic, gravimetric, radiometric, radar, and other remote sensing programs.
  • Plan, direct, and participate in analyses of geological, geochemical, and geophysical survey data, well logs, and other test results, maps, notes, and cross-sections.
  • Develop models and applied software for the analysis and interpretation of data.
  • Plan and conduct analytical studies of core samples, drill cuttings and rock samples to identify chemical, mineral, hydrocarbon, and biological composition and to assess depositional environments and geological age.
  • Assess the size, orientation, and composition of mineral ore bodies and hydrocarbon deposits.
  • Identify deposits of construction materials and determine their characteristics and suitability for use as concrete aggregates, road fill, or for other applications.
  • Conduct geological and geophysical studies for regional development and advise in areas such as site selection, waste management, and restoration of contaminated sites.
  • Recommend the acquisition of lands, exploration and mapping programs, and mine development.
  • Identify and advise on anticipated natural risks such as slope erosion, landslides, soil instability, subsidence, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.
  • May supervise and coordinate well drilling, completion, work-overs, and mining activities.


  • Conduct theoretical and applied oceanographic research programs and expeditions to extend knowledge of the physical, chemical, and biological properties and functioning of oceans.
  • Plan, direct, and participate in sampling and analysis of seawater, plankton, fish, sediments, and rocks.
  • Study the physical properties of oceans to develop models, charts, and computer simulations of ocean conditions, such as tides, waves, currents, and sediment transport.
  • Explore the ocean floor and submarine geological structures, conduct seismic surveys, and study the formation of ocean basins and other structures to map the ocean floor, coastal erosion, sediment accumulation, and areas for offshore oil and gas exploration.
  • Plan and conduct investigations on ocean chemical properties and processes, ocean floor and marine atmosphere, and undersea volcanoes to study the impacts of environmental changes.
  • Study marine life and interaction with physical and chemical environments to assess the impacts of pollutants on marine ecology and to develop ecologically-based methods of sea farming.

Employment Requirements

  • Geoscientists require a university degree in geology, geochemistry, geophysics, or a related discipline.
  • A master's or doctoral degree in geophysics, physics, mathematics, or engineering may be required for employment as a geophysicist.
  • Registration with a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers, geologists, geophysicists, or geoscientists is usually required for employment and is mandatory to practice in all provinces and territories except Prince Edward Island and the Yukon.
  • Geologists and geophysicists are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program and after several years of supervised work experience and, in some provinces, after passing a professional practice examination.
  • Oceanographers require a university degree in science, mathematics, statistics, or engineering and usually require a graduate degree in oceanography.

Salary Prospects

Community/Area Low ($/hour) Median ($/hour) High ($/hour)
Canada 29.67 48.08 75.00
Alberta 29.81 48.08 76.92
British Columbia 28.00 53.33 86.54
Manitoba 34.62 38.46 73.08
New Brunswick 27.75 39.09 54.24
Newfoundland and Labrador 27.00 43.27 71.79
Northwest Territories N/A N/A N/A
Nova Scotia 30.39 43.98 61.01
Nunavut N/A N/A N/A
Ontario 31.25 47.60 62.50
Prince Edward Island N/A N/A N/A
Quebec 23.23 46.15 57.69
Saskatchewan 35.00 42.00 61.54
Yukon Territory 31.81 42.88 55.98

Job Openings - TEER 21102

Over the period 2022-2031, new job openings for Geoscientists and Oceanographers are expected to total 10,100, while 9,600 new job seekers are expected to be available to fill them. Immigrants learning how to get Geoscientists and Oceanographers Jobs in Canada from India can find it relatively easier to land a job under TEER 21102.


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