Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is a Canadian immigration program for people who want to reside in a province or territory as permanent residents. Each province or territory in Canada has a different provincial nominee program that is designed to meet the needs and demands of the local labor market.
Over the years the federal government has increased the allocations for the number of immigrants invited for permanent residency through PNPs. Canada has targeted to admit over 200,000 people through PNP between 2020 and 2022.
All the provinces or territories of Canada have their PNP with different immigration streams. Following are the major Canada PNP programs:
If your PNP is not in line with the express entry program, you have to apply through a paper-based process.
Once you get a provincial nomination, you can submit your paper application for Canadian permanent residence to IRCC with a PCC and a medical examination certificate.
Paper-based processes take much longer than online-based processes through express entry program. While the average processing time for a permanent residence application submitted through Express Entry is 6 months, a paper application is processed in 18 months on average.
Applying for Canada PNP through the Express Entry process
Create an online account and submit an Express Entry profile. In your profile, you must indicate that you have been nominated by a Canadian province or territory.
Once your provincial nomination is confirmed, you will be placed in the Express Entry pool and you will receive an additional 600 points for your CRS score. With these many extra points, you are effectively guaranteed to receive an ITA for Canada PR Visa.
Most PNPs have an “enhanced” immigration stream that allows the provinces to search for skilled immigrants who can meet the needs of the labor market in the federal government’s Express Entry pool. This way Express entry program’s candidates can apply for provincial nomination.
After getting a provincial nomination certificate, Express entry candidates are awarded 600 CRS points to their profile, ensuring an ITA in the next rounds of invitation.
Application processing time for a PNP depends on whether you have applied through express entry linked streams or non-express entry linked streams.
Total Canada PNP processing time includes the initial application to the province, plus the additional processing time for the PR Visa application by the IRCC.
Most provinces have reduced their processing times to months or even weeks. For Express Entry linked streams, the processing time is 6 to 8 months. Non-Express Entry applications (paper-based)typically take between 1 and 2 years to be processed at the federal stage.