A person who is provided with the status of Canadian Permanent residence is not a Canadian citizen but is given the permanent status to live and work anywhere in Canada. A permanent resident is a citizen of another country. To get the Permanent Residency status, immigrants need to get their hands on the Canada PR visa.
Immigrants, who are in Canada on a temporary basis which can be either as a student or a foreign worker, are not considered as permanent residents. In case for the refugees, they can become permanent residents with the help of the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program. If someone is making a refugee claim, they do not become a permanent resident at that time. To be able to become one, the Immigration and Refugee Board have to first evaluate and then approve their claim. After that, they can apply for permanent resident status.
Canada PR card acts as an identification document as well as a travel document for permanent residents of Canada. With the help of Canada PR card and Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD), a permanent resident can prove their status and are one of the only documents that allow permanent residents to return to the country via a commercial vehicle that includes airplanes, boats, trains or buses.
For permanent residents who are traveling outside of Canada, or without the PR card, need to apply for the PRTD before returning to the country by any commercial vehicle.
Benefits of being a Canada permanent resident are as follows:
Permanent residents have to pay taxes and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.
With the benefits of being a Canadian permanent resident, there are also some restrictions for the same. These restrictions are as follows:
How to apply for Canada PR Visa?
Federal Government of Canada has provided with immigration pathway to the skilled and capable immigrants to get their hands on Canada PR visa with the help of the following immigration program:
All the above-mentioned immigration programs allow eligible immigrants to apply for Canada PR visa. Depending on the skills and requirements of the immigration program, the immigrant can choose the immigration program that is best suited for them.
How to keep Permanent Resident Status?
For a permanent resident to keep hold of their status, they need to be in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. Now, these 730 days are not compulsory to be in continuity. Some of the time that is spent outside of Canada (abroad) can be count towards 730 days.
In order to keep track of time spent in Canada, one can use a travel journal. Some of the other major ways to keep hold of the time spent in Canada are as follows:
Depending on the program under which the immigrant has applied for Canada PR visa, the processing time for the application of Canada PR visa varies. The fastest immigration program for Canada PR visa is the Express entry program under which for an ideal case it takes around 6 to 8 months. Now, some of the basic expenditure related to getting Canada PR visa via express entry program are as follows:
What are the ways to lose Permanent Resident status?
Now, one does not lose their permanent resident status when their PR card expires. In order to lose their permanent resident status (Canada PR Visa), they need to go through an official process.
Following are the ways for an immigrant to lose their permanent resident status if:
How to voluntarily give up (renounced) permanent resident status?
As mentioned above, one does not lose their PR status automatically. For the cases where the immigrant no longer wants to be a permanent resident of Canada, they can voluntarily apply to give up (renounced) their permanent resident status. For example, if immigrant:
Immigrants will not be able to enter the country until their permanent resident status is resolved either by receiving a PRTD or by voluntarily giving up their permanent resident status.
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