If you want to become a permanent resident of Canada, you must know the Canada PR Visa process. It will help you determine your eligibility, the cost to apply for a PR Visa, and all the basic details related to a permanent resident visa.
The majority of skilled immigrants moving to Canada are from India, as there are many options to apply for a Canada PR Visa from India.
Immigration is the key for Canada’s economy to recover from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Canada is still accepting applications of new immigrants for PR Visa. They have targeted to welcome 401,000 immigrants this year.
A Canada permanent resident visa is a type of permanent visa that allows the holder to live, work or study anywhere in the country for 5 years. After you have lived in the country for 3 years, you can apply to become a Canadian citizen.
As a Canadian PR Visa holder, you can enjoy the following benefits:
If you meet the following requirements, you are eligible to apply for Canada PR Visa as a skilled worker:
Broadly, you can categorize the Canadian immigration for PR Visa in the following categories:
Canada’s majority of skilled immigrants come from the federal economic class, with annually over 200,000 immigrants to be welcomed in Canada over the next three years.
There are three major federal economic immigration programs:
All the above-mentioned programs are managed by an application management system, introduced in 2015, the Express entry program. It uses a ranking system - Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) to rank all the profiles in the express entry pool based on the CRS score of the profile.
Higher-ranked profiles in the pool are then issued Invitation to Apply (ITAs) through frequently held express entry draws. Candidates will have 60 days to submit their complete application to IRCC for a PR Visa.
Provincial Nomination Programs (PNP) is specifically designed for Canadian provinces or territories to meet the demands of the local labor market and nominate skilled immigrants to live in the province as a permanent resident.
There are two major ways to apply for Canada provincial nomination:
Canada PNP is a better alternative for immigrants who are not able to meet the requirements for the Express Entry program and apply for PR Visa.
Quebec has their different immigration programs to select skilled workers to live in the province as a permanent resident. Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) is one of the major immigration programs for immigrants who want to live in the province of Quebec as permanent residents. The other immigration programs under Quebec Immigration are - Quebec Business Immigration and Quebec Experience Program (PEQ).
Canada has immigration programs that are specifically designed to attract experienced business owners from around the world to start their own business in Canada, with many applications being accepted from India.
Following are business immigration programs at the federal level:
Through Family Class immigration, Canadian permanent residents and citizens can sponsor their family members to immigrate to Canada and reunite families.
Canada Spouse Visa is part of Family Class Immigration that allows the Canadian permanent residents and citizens to sponsor the application of their close family member, spouse or common-law partners, dependent children for a PR Visa.
The basic requirements to get Permanent residence in Canada are:
Following are simple steps to apply for Canada PR Visa:
Step 1 – Get ECA: You have to get your educational credentials assessed by an authorized Canadian Assessing Body to check the equivalency as per Canadian education.
Step 2 – Complete your IELTS Exam: In the second step, you need to attain the required IELTS scores or a minimum of 6 bands in each module of Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening.
Step 3 – Create an Express Entry Profile: Applicants will be required to create an Express Entry profile by registering themselves under the Federal government’s Express Entry program online. Express Entry profile is then submitted into the Express Entry pool.
Step 4 – Apply for PNPs (Optional): In case the applicant wants to apply for a provincial nominee program, they can wait for an NOI or interest letter to apply under a PNP.
Step 5 – Get an ITA: Once the applicant can clear the minimum required CRS score, they are issued the Invitation to Apply (ITA). Once they have the ITA, the applicant has 60 days to submit their application to IRCC with all the required documents.
Step 6 – Medical and PCC: Applicants must undergo a medical examination as a mandatory requirement to apply for Canada PR Visa. Candidates must also obtain a PCC – Police Clearance Certificate.
Step 7 – Application reviewed by IRCC: IRCC will review the Canada PR application by doing a background check and assess all the submitted documents. This process takes around 4 to 6 months.
Step 8 – The biometric fee: Applicant receives a request for biometric and fingerprints.
Step 9 – Passport Submission request & COPR – You receive a request to submit your passport for visa stamping and soon after that you get the Confirmation of Permanent Residency (COPR).
The rate of Temporary workers in Canada transitioning to permanent residents is increasing. Canada continues to accept temporary workers in essential occupations during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This is a popular route for applicants who are not immediately eligible for permanent residence when applying from India. Time spent in Canada as a temporary resident counts towards the Canada PR Visa application.
Work permits are issued under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), the International Mobility Program, and the International Experience Canada Program. Caregivers also have their streams for work permits (under the TFWP) and the transition to permanent residence.