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Nationwide Immigration » Canada » How Express Entry Works

How to Apply for Canada Permanent Resident (PR) Visa 2018 From India

How Express Entry Program Works In 2021?

Check your Canada Express Entry 2021 eligibility and create your profile online.

How express Entry Works

Canada Immigration is a point-based program that makes the immigration process more transparent and simpler. Introduced in January 2015, Express entry program is the flagship program for Canada Immigration for skilled immigrants. It is the fastest immigration program that allows skilled immigrants to get their hands on the Canada PR Visa. For an ideal application, it takes around 8 to 9 months for processing for Canada Permanent Resident Visa.

Express Entry Program manages the profile of the immigrants who have registered under Canada’s three major skilled economic immigration programs:


Online based immigration program, facilitates the immigrants to apply for Canada PR visa, irrespective of their geographical location. Canada Express Entry submits the profiles of the registered immigrants (under FSWP, FSTP, and CEC) together into the Express pool. With the use of a ranking system – Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), profiles are given a score based on which they are ranked in the express pool. Through frequently held express draws, Invitation to Apply (ITA) is issued to the higher-ranked express profiles. In the latest express draw that was held on July 23rd, CRS score cut-off was set at 445 points. This means the candidates with CRS score of 445 points or more were issued the ITAs to apply for Canada PR Visa.

Major Steps for Express Entry Program

Following are the simple steps one needs to follow to apply for Canada PR Visa under Express entry program:

Step 1: Check for eligibility

As discussed above, the candidate is required to meet certain basic requirements in order to be eligible to apply under the Express Entry program for Canada.  One of the foremost requirements is to clear the 67 points eligibility system. Once you are able to clear the point system, the candidate will be able to create an express profile by submitting their credentials.


Step 2: Get documents ready

For the immigration process, the candidate will be required to submit a set of documents in order to prove the validity of the credentials provided. The candidate does not need to upload these following documents but will be needing information from the documents:

  • Passport or travel document
  • Language Test results (like IELTS for English Language Proficiency)
  • Education Credential Assessment (ECA) if the candidate is applying through the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP) OR candidate requires points for the education pursued outside of Canada
  • Provincial Nomination (If the candidate have one)
  • Written job offer letter from an eligible employer in Canada


Step 3: Submit Express Profile

At this step, the candidate express profile will be submitted into the express pool with the profiles of the other candidates. With the use of a ranking system – Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), express profiles are ranked in the express pool. Profiles with the highest-ranked profile have then issued the Invitation to Apply (ITA) to apply for Canada PR Visa to the Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Check your CRS score with our updated CRS calculator


Step 4: Receive ITA and apply for Permanent Residence

Through express draws, candidates have issued the ITA. ITAs allow the candidate to apply for Canada PR Visa to the IRCC. These ITAs are issued to the candidates who are able to clear the CRS cut-off. In the latest express draw, CRS cut-off is set at 445 points

Canada Express Entry Program

Basic Requirement for Express Entry Program

Some of the basic eligibility criteria that make a skilled immigrant eligible to apply for Canada PR Visa through Express Entry Program (FSWP) are as follows:

  • Candidates must be able to score a minimum 67 points out of 100 in point’s assessment grid. Points are awarded based on the factors like Age, Education, Work Experience, Valid job offer, Language proficiency, and adaptability
  • Must have a minimum of 1 year of continuous work experience in an occupation that must be categorized under National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill level type 0, A, B or C.
  • For language proficiency, Candidate is required to take IELTS examination and prove proficiency in the English language. The minimum requirement is to have the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 7.
  • Educational requirement is of minimum Canadian secondary or post-secondary school certificate, diploma or degree OR its equivalent
  • The candidate is also required to show proof of funds that are required to support the move to Canada financially

How to create Express Entry Profile?

Once the candidate is able to meet the basic requirements, they are then allowed to create an Express profile in the Canada Express entry program. To be able to create the express profile does not mean that the candidate will able to get the Canada PR Visa. Profile created will be submitted into the express pool with the express profile of the other candidates.

Express profile creation is an online process. For this candidate is required to follow the instruction that will be provided while creating the profile. Candidate must enter their personal details. Once the profile is created, the candidate will need information from certain documents and candidate’s NOC job title and code. Candidate can exit the profile creation portal any time. They will have 60 days to complete and submit Express Entry Profile.

What to do after getting an ITA?

Once a candidate gets an Invitation to Apply (ITA), they have 60 days to submit their application with all proper set of documents to the IRCC to apply for Canada PR Visa. Fee structures to apply for Canada PR Visa are as follows:

  • For Candidate’s Application: CAD $1,040
  • For Including Spouse: CAD $1,040
  • Include a dependent child: CAD $150

IRCC will then do background checks on the candidate and verify all the documents submitted by the candidates. This whole process takes around 6 months on an average. This average time includes the time for providing the biometrics by the candidate.

Once the application is successfully evaluated by the IRCC, the candidate is given the Canada PR Visa

How the Express Entry program works for PNP?

Other than the express entry program, there is also another immigration program that allows the skilled immigrants to apply for Canada PR Visa and that is the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP). PNPs allow the provinces (except Quebec) in Canada to nominate the skilled immigrants for permanent residence in order to help in the economic development of the province.

Every PNP has a stream that is in-line with the Federal Government’s Express Entry Program that allows the express entry registered candidates to apply for provincial nomination. If a candidate is able to land the provincial nomination certificate, they are awarded 600 CRS points. These many points give a major boost to the CRS score of the express entry candidate and make sure that they are able to get the ITA. Some of the PNPs with stream in-line with Express entry program are as follows:

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Why is it called Express Entry?

The main motive of Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is to process the application for Canada PR Visa through this program – Express entry program, in an average time of 6 months.

This does not mean that the processing time will be counted from once the candidate has created their express profile but it will be taken into account from the day the candidate has submitted their application to the IRCC with the proper set of documents after they have been issued the Invitation to Apply (ITA).

What happens when the information provided in order to enter the pool by the candidate is false?

Depending on the nature and severity of the false information provided by the candidate, this known as misrepresentation, it carries penalties. For if the candidate is found to provide false information in order to enter the pool, they will be banned from re-entering the pool for five years. Therefore, it is very important for the candidate to provide with right and accurate information. For the candidates who are unsure about how to assess the credentials, they must hire an immigration consultant to do so.

What does the Invitation to Apply (ITA) means?

ITA is offered to the candidates in the express pool who are selected by the Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to apply for Canada PR Visa. For getting the ITA, the candidate must meet minimum requirements for Canada immigration including meeting the minimum required Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) cut-off.

What is an Express Entry Profile?

To show their Expression of Interest (EOI) for Canada PR Visa, immigrants create their profile in the express entry program by submitting the credentials like about their skills, work experience, language proficiency, education, and any other personal information. Express profile is self-declared to show that the information provided by the candidate is based on their own assessment of their personal information.

Can a candidate apply for Express Entry as well as Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?

Yes, candidates are able to apply for both the immigration program as there is a connection between Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). When a candidate update their Express entry profile when the gets a provincial certificate, it awards the express profile with 600 CRS points. These many points make sure that the candidate is able to get the Invitation to Apply (ITA). Candidates are required to be in the express pool before applying for a provincial nomination or submitting their Expression of Interest (EOI) to the provincial government.

Does having a job offer is required in order to move to Canada through Express Entry Program?

Having a job offer is not mandatory to apply for Canada PR Visa through Express Entry Program but it plays a very important/vital role for the chances of a candidate to get an ITA. Having a job offer awards the candidates with extra points under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Why it is required to get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)?

For candidates who have applied for Canada PR Visa through Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) and have pursued their education outside of Canada, getting an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is mandatory, in order to get points under CRS for Education factor. ECA proves that the education done by the applicant outside of Canada is equal to Canadian education standards.

For how long, a profile stays in the Express Pool?

Each express profile stays in the federal government’s express pool, for a duration of 12 months or when the candidate gets an Invitation to Apply (ITA) whichever comes first. If the candidate is not able to get an ITA and the duration of 12 months have passed, they are required to create a fresh profile.

What language tests can be used for Express Entry Program?

Following are the test languages that are recognized by the IRCC:

For the English Language:

  • CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program
  • IELTS: International English Language Testing System


For French Language:

  • TEF Canada: Test d’evaluation de francais
  • TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du francais

Can a successful candidate bring their family to Canada?

The candidate who is able to get the Canada PR is able to bring their spouse or common-law partner, as well as their dependent children, with them in Canada. For the case of married couples, only one of them needs to receive an ITA (Invitation to Apply) to apply for permanent residence. Spouse or common-law partner will also receive the PR Visa as well as any dependent children. Spouse or common-law partner must submit language test results as well as security background checks. Both the spouse or common-law partner and dependent children will be required to pass a medical examination.

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